Lecture+10 - 305:03 Cognition Fall 2009 Dr.JulienMusolino...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–23. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Fall 2009 305:03 – Cognition Dr. Julien Musolino “The mind is what the brain does” – Steven Pinker
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Announcements _____________________________ Readings 13 and 14 Creative component due by Dec. 01 Midterm 2 on November 10
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
So far The traditional/popular view The modern scientific view vs.
Background image of page 4
The question Do human beings have a soul that: Is immaterial Performs some/all cognitive/perceptual functions Survives the death of our physical body
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
So far No serious evidence What is the evidence? vs.
Background image of page 6
On dualism
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Outline Look at the evidence that has been used to support the existence of souls Define the soul Conclude that none of the evidence is scientifically credible Review the evidence supporting materialism and conclude that it is scientifically credible Present the broader scientific view
Background image of page 8
5 converging lines of evidence 1. There exists an evolutionary relationship between brain complexity and the cognitive/mental attributes of animal species 2. Cognitive/mental abilities increase as an individual, and his or her brain, grows/matures 3. Mental/cognitive functions can be diminished or lost as a result of brain injury
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
5 converging lines of evidence 4. Many mental operations can be correlated with physical changes in the brain 5. Drugs that affect brain chemistry affect many modes of thinking/feeling/perceiving The mind is what the brain does!
Background image of page 10
The physical basis of … Our abilities to plan, reason, use language, do mathematics, produce moral judgments etc., etc. Our senses Our emotions and moods Our personality Our consciousness and sense of self
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
1848 – Phineas Gage
Background image of page 12
1848 – Phineas Gage 3 feet 7 inches iron rod Boston Post
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
1848 – Phineas Gage
Background image of page 14
Electroencephalography (EEG)
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Brain imaging (fMRI)
Background image of page 16
Brain imaging (fMRI)
Background image of page 17

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Splitting the brain
Background image of page 18
Splitting the brain Roger W. Sperry 1981 Nobel Prize in Medicine
Background image of page 19

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Splitting the brain
Background image of page 20
Splitting the brain
Background image of page 21

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
If you split the brain, you ‘split’ consciousness!!! One hemisphere is “conscious” of the information, and the other is not! Therefore, it is the brain that creates
Background image of page 22
Image of page 23
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/28/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:301 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 82

Lecture+10 - 305:03 Cognition Fall 2009 Dr.JulienMusolino...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 23. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online