Lecture+11 - Today _ Outline _ A bit of history Some...

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Today _____________________________
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Outline _____________________________ A bit of history Some important distinctions Basic properties of human language The complexity of human language
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Outline _____________________________ A bit of history Some important distinctions Basic properties of human language The complexity of human language
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A bit of history _____________________________ Intuitively, this view makes sense Children are taught language by their parents through imitation, gradual approximation, reinforcement, etc.
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Behaviorism _____________________________ Very general learning principles (e.g. rats Prevalent view on psychology until the late 1950s View known as ‘behaviorism’
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Behaviorism _____________________________ BF Skinner’s 1957 ‘Verbal behavior’
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Organism Stimulus behavior (brain/mind) - Establishing direct relations between stimulus and behavior - Trying to predict what people will say based on sensory data - Reject in principle any concept of mind or mental state (because not directly observable/measurable)
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Chomsky’s 1959 review of Skinner _____________________________ Published in Language and (almost) universally regarded as spelling the end of behaviorism
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The Cognitive revolution
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Organism Stimulus behavior (mind) The object of inquiry The ‘cognitive’ revolution (1960s)
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The Cognitive revolution _____________________________ The so-called cognitive revolution is concerned with the states of the mind/brain that enter into thought, planning, perception, learning and action … This approach stands in sharp contrast to the study of the shaping and control of behavior that systematically avoided consideration of the states of the mind/brain that entered into behavior, and sought to establish direct relations between stimulus situations, contingencies of reinforcement, and behavior. Noam Chomsky
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How can we study the mind? _____________________________ Light Language
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Outline _____________________________ A bit of history Some important distinctions Basic properties of human language The complexity of human language
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Interesting books _____________________________
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Interesting books _____________________________
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Language vs. languages Distinction 1
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Language and languages _____________________________ There are over 5,000 different languages in the world today …
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Indo-European families _____________________________
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Non-Indo-European families
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Language and languages _____________________________ Here we’re interested in the general human capacity for language (not in a particular language)
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(or sign) language vs.
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This note was uploaded on 11/28/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:301 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture+11 - Today _ Outline _ A bit of history Some...

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