InfantChildClass+9.27-9.29b

InfantChildClass+9.27-9.29b - Theories of Cognitive...

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Theories of Cognitive Development Provide a framework for understanding important phenomena Raise crucial questions about human nature Lead to a better understanding of children
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Theories of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget (1920’s)- observations and descriptions describe child’s thinking at different ages breadth of theory ranging from infancy through adolescence diversity of theory; time, space, distance, number, language etc. offers plausible answer to nature and nurture interaction and continuity/discontinuity theory View of Children’s Nature- active mentally and physically with own development constuctivist - depicts children as constructing knowledge for themselves in response to their experiences “child as a scientist”
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Piaget’s Thoughts Piaget and Nature vs. Nurture - nurture includes every relationship with caretakers experience the child encounters nature includes the child’s maturing brain and body ability to perceive, act, and learn motivation to meet two basic functions of adaptation - organization -
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Piaget’s Thoughts Piaget and Continuity/Discontinuity - depicted development as containing both Continuity comes from three sources: (ex. clown) assimilation - inside accommodation - outside equilibration - balance
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Piaget’s Thoughts Piaget and Continuity/Discontinuity - depicted development as containing both discontinuity central characteristics: Qualitative differences in thinking Broad applicability Brief transitions Invariant sequence
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Piaget’s Thoughts Piaget and Continuity/Discontinuity - depicted development as containing both discontinuity central characteristics four stages of discontinuous development Sensorimotor stage (birth to 2 years) use of senses and motor skills to explore Preoperational stage (2 to 7 years) language and mental imagery Concrete operational stage (7 to 12 years) logical reasoning Formal operational stage (12 years and beyond) hypothetical thoughts and ideas
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Piaget’s Thoughts Sensorimotor Stage (birth to 2 years) Substage 1 (birth to 1 month) infants are born with reflexes (visual acuity, sucking) ex. sucking reflex changes over time Substage 2 (1 to 4 months) organize separate reflexes into larger behaviors ex. sucking and grasping combination Substage 3 (4 to 8 months) interests no longer egocentric ex. banging on pans object permanence -
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Piaget’s Thoughts Sensorimotor Stage (birth to 2 years) Substage 4 (8 to 12 months) mental representation of object when not visible A-Not-B error -
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Piaget’s Thoughts Sensorimotor Stage (birth to 2 years)
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