InfantChildClass+10.27

InfantChildClass+10.27 - Language Development Language...

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Language Development
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Language Development What Needs to Develop? Sequence of Development Theories of Language Development
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Language Development Acquisition of language - symbols symbols - systems for representing our thoughts, feelings, and knowledge and for communicating them to other people Nature vs. Nurture - what is the extent to which language acquisition is made possible by abilities that are specialized for learning language? Sociocultural Context - research with children of different language communities and examining language acquisition differences
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Language Development Language comprehension - understanding what others say Language production - actually speaking to others Components of Language - involves learning sounds and sound patterns specific words language rules means of communication generativity - the idea that by using the finite set of words in our vocabulary, we can put together an infinite number of sentences and express an infinite number of ideas
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Language Development Four Components of Language - 1. P honological Development - the acquisition of knowledge about the sound system of their language phonemes - the elementary units of sound used to produce languages and help in distinguishing meaning ex. English uses 45 of the 200 phonemes in the world combinations are found in some but not all cultures 2. Semantic Development - learning the system for expressing meaning in a language, including word learning morphemes - the smallest units of meaning comprised of one or more phonemes ex. “I” and “dogs”
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Language Development Four Components of Language - 3. Syntactic Development - learning the grammar of a language Syntax - rules of the language, specifies how words from different categories can be combined ex. “Mary likes Jack” vs “Jack likes Mary” 4. Pragmatic Development - involves acquiring knowledge about how language is used metalinguistic knowledge - an understanding of the properties and function of language
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Language Development Brain - Language Connection functional localization - hemispheric differences in language functioning Broca (1861) - observed language deficits in patients with various forms of brain injuries “we speak with the left hemisphere” Modern day thoughts - left-hemisphere specialization for language also comes from EEG studies greater electrical activity in the left hemisphere than in the right when listening to speech
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Language Development Brain - Language Connection
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This note was uploaded on 11/28/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:331 taught by Professor Yang during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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InfantChildClass+10.27 - Language Development Language...

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