{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

InfantChildClass+11.3 - Ov

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Study of Intelligence
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Study of Intelligence Research in this area raises many of the most  controversial issues about human nature:  The roles of heredity and environment The influence of ethnic and racial differences The effects of wealth and poverty The possibility of improvement
Background image of page 2
Overview What Is Intelligence? Measuring Intelligence Genes, Environment, and the  Development  of Intelligence Alternative Perspectives on  Intelligence Acquisition of Academic Skills:  Reading, Writing, and  Mathematics
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
What Is Intelligence? Intelligence as a Single Trait Intelligence as a Few Basic Abilities Intelligence as Multiple Processes A Proposed Resolution
Background image of page 4
Intelligence as a Single Entity Performance on intellectual tasks are positively correlated,  each  individual possesses a certain amount of  (general  intelligence) , the part of intelligence  common to all intellectual  tasks Measures of  g  correlate with School achievement Information-processing speed Speed of neural transmission in the brain Knowledge of subjects not studied in school
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Intelligence as Multiple Entities Viewing intelligence as more than  a single general entity Two types of intelligence:  Crystallized intelligence: Factual knowledge about the world;  increases with age Fluid intelligence: The ability to think on the spot to  solve problems; declines slowly after  adulthood Measures of each type of  intelligence correlate more highly  with each other than with measures  of the other type of intelligence Crystallized/fluid distinction offers  greater simplicity
Background image of page 6
Intelligence as Multiple Entities Thurstone portrayed intelligence  as involving seven primary  mental abilities Seven primary mental abilities  model offers greater precision Other views see intelligence as  comprising numerous distinct  processes for taking in,  transforming, and applying  information
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Intelligence and IQ Primary mental abilities - seven abilities said by Thurstone to be crucial to intelligence word fluency verbal learning reasoning spatial visualization numbering rote memory perceptual speed Scores on various tests of a single ability tend to correlate more strongly with each other than do scores on tests of any other ability.
Background image of page 8
Measuring  Intelligence The Contents of Intelligence Tests The Intelligence Quotient (IQ) IQ Scores as Predictors of Important Outcomes
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Intelligence Tests Measures of intelligence based on  observable behavior Modern intelligence tests, like Binet’s  assessment, observe people’s actions on  tasks that require a variety of types of  intelligence    Intelligence tests measure different 
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}