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InfantChildClass+11.8-11.10 - Theories of Social...

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Theories of Social Development
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The Role of Theory Theories of social development attempt to account for important aspects of development: Emotion, personality, attachment, self, peer relationships, morality, and gender Such theories must: Explain how children’s development is influenced by the people and individuals around them Examine the ways that human beings affect each other
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Core Concepts In Freud’s theory, behavior is motivated by the need to satisfy basic biological drives Psychoanalytic theories also stress the continuity of individual differences , maintaining that early experiences shape subsequent development
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Theories of Social Development Psychosexual Development - Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939) Psychic energy - Erogenous zone - Id - the earliest and most primitive personality structure. It is unconscious and operates with the goal of seeking pleasure Ego - the second personality structure to develop. It is the rational, logical, problem-solving component of personality Superego - the third personality structure, consisting of internalized moral standards
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Psychosexual Development Freud’s theory of psychosexual development a series of universal developmental stages in which psychic energy becomes focused in different erogenous zones Psychic energy: The biologically based, instinctual drives that energize behavior, thoughts, and feelings Erogenous zones: Areas of the body that become erotically sensitive in successive stages of development
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Theories of Social Development Psychosexual Development - Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939) Oral stage -
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