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InfantChildClass+11.22-11.29

InfantChildClass+11.22-11.29 - Attachment to Others and...

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Attachment to Others and Development of Self
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Attachment An emotional bond with a specific person that is enduring across space and time The observations of John Bowlby and others involved with institutionalized children led to an understanding of the importance of parent-child interactions in development
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Attachment Many investigators now believe that children’s early relationships with parents influence the nature of their interactions with others from infancy into adulthood, as well as their feelings about their own worth
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The Caregiver-Child Attachment Relationship Attachment Theory Measurement of Attachment Security Cultural Variations in Attachment Factors Associated with the Security of Children’s Attachment Does Security of Attachment Have Long-Term Effects?
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Harry Harlow Experimental work with monkeys who were deprived of all early social interactions strongly supported the view that healthy social and emotional development is rooted in children’s early social interactions with adults
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Bowlby and Ainsworth John Bowlby proposed attachment theory , which is influenced by ethological theory and posits that children are biologically predisposed to develop attachments with caregivers as a means of increasing the chances of their own survival
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Bowlby and Ainsworth Secure base is Bowlby’s term for an attachment figure’s presence that provides an infant or toddler with a sense of security that makes it possible for the infant to explore the environment Mary Ainsworth, Bowlby’s student, extended and tested his ideas
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Bowlby’s Four Phases of Attachment Preattachment phase (birth to 6 weeks) The infant produces innate signals that bring others to his or her side and is comforted by the interaction that follows Attachment-in-the-making (6 weeks to 6-8 months) The phase in which infants begin to respond preferentially to familiar people
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Bowlby’s Four Phases of Attachment Clear-cut attachment
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