InfantChildClass+12.1-12.6

InfantChildClass+12.1-12.6 - Moral Development Troubling...

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Moral Development
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Troubling Questions The Columbine tragedy and incidents like it raise questions about why some adolescents become involved in antisocial and illegal behavior The starting point for finding answers is in understanding aspects of children’s thinking and behavior that contribute to morality
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Overview Moral Judgment The Early Development of Conscience Prosocial Behavior Antisocial Behavior
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Core Concepts of Morality The reasoning behind a behavior is critical for determining whether a given behavior is moral or immoral. Changes in moral reasoning form the basis of moral development.
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Contributors to Current Understanding Both took a cognitive developmental approach to studying the development of morality Both took a cognitive developmental approach to studying the development of morality Jean  Piaget Jean  Piaget Lawrence  Kohlberg Lawrence  Kohlberg
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Piaget’s Theory of Moral Judgment The Moral Judgment of the Child - Piaget described how children’s moral reasoning changes from a rigid acceptance of the rules of authorities appreciation that moral rules are a product of social interaction Piaget’s method initially involved observing children’s games open-ended interviews with children in which they were asked to make judgments on children’s behaviors (ex. two stories)
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Piaget’s Theory of Moral Judgment Morality of  Constraint Morality of  Constraint Transition Period Transition Period Autonomous Morality Autonomous Morality
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Morality of Constraint Characterizes the moral reasoning of children who have not yet reached the cognitive stage of concrete operations rules and duties as unchangeable and established by adults what determines a good or bad action is the consequence of the action, not the motive behind it
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The Transition Period From about age 7 or 8 to age 10 because of increased peer interaction, children learn that rules can be constructed by the group learn to take one another’s perspective, thereby becoming autonomous in their thinking about moral issues
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Autonomous Morality By about age 11 or 12, moral relativism emerges Understand that rules can be changed if a group agrees to do so Consider fairness and equality among people as important factors in constructing rules Consider individuals’ motives when evaluating their crimes
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Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Judgment Strongly influenced by Piaget Assessed moral judgment by presenting children with hypothetical moral dilemmas and then questioning them about the issues involved in their moral judgments
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Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Judgment Proposed three levels of moral judgment: Preconventional: Moral reasoning is self- centered, focusing on getting rewards and avoiding punishment Conventional: Moral reasoning is centered on social relationships Postconventional: Moral reasoning is involved with ideals, focusing on moral principles
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Preconventional Level:Stage 1 Punishment and Obedience Orientation:
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InfantChildClass+12.1-12.6 - Moral Development Troubling...

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