Philosophies of Life Exam 2

Philosophies of Life Exam 2 - Philosophies of Life Exam 2 1...

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Philosophies of Life Exam 2 1. Consequential Moral Theory – Any moral theory which holds that the rightness and wrongness of an act is determined entirely by references to the value of its consequences. 2. Deontological Moral Theory – Any moral theory which holds that at least some acts are instinctively right or wrong – right or wrong because of what kind of act they are, rather than because of consequences. 3. Principle of Utility – Act always so as to promote the greatest general happiness. Example: Euthanasia – It is moral because it results in more happiness than pain. Laws should allow it because it is not contrary to the general welfare. 4. Act Utilitarianism – PU is applied to particular acts – perform that act in any given situation that promotes the greatest general happiness in that situation. 5. Rule Utilitarianism – PU is applied to policies of action – perform only those kinds of
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