Philosophies of Life Exam 21.Consequential Moral Theory– Any moral theory which holds that the rightness and wrongness of an act is determined entirely by references to the value of its consequences. 2.Deontological Moral Theory – Any moral theory which holds that at least some acts are instinctively right or wrong – right or wrong because of what kind of act they are, rather than because of consequences. 3.Principle of Utility – Act always so as to promote the greatest general happiness. Example: Euthanasia – It is moral because it results in more happiness than pain. Laws should allow it because it is not contrary to the general welfare. 4.Act Utilitarianism – PU is applied to particular acts – perform that act in any given situation that promotes the greatest general happiness in that situation. 5.Rule Utilitarianism –PU is applied to policies of action – perform only those kinds of
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