liddel+and+johnson+-+Presentation2+edited

liddel+and+johnson+-+Presentation2+edited - American Sign...

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American Sign Language: The Phonological Base Liddel and Johnson
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Phonological Structures in 5 Parts 1. Sequential phenomena in individual signs 2. phonetic transcription system 3. paradignatic and syntagmatic contrast in ASL 4. Phonological process in language and similarity to phonology of spoken language 5. phonological effects of ASL’s morphological process
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Stokoe Showed that ASL signs are compositional just as human language is and therefore ASL should be considered a language Signs consist of 3 parts that combine at the same time 1. tab (location of sign) 2. dez (handshape) 3. sig (movement) Entire set is the same as articulatory primes in spoken language
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Handshapes Sequence of handshape occur Opening: movement where handshape changes from closed hand to an open one Many signs have 2 handshapes, few have 3 Location: many signs start in 1 place and end in another Example: the sign for parents which is a combination of mother and father
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Movements Supella and Newport showed that a detailed difference in movement could distinguish some nouns from verbs Example: said there are different signs for ‘sit’ and ‘chair’ Local Movements: small repeated movements of the fingers and wrist which accompany the major movements of the hand
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Contrast in ASL Given that signs have sequential structure that sequence can correspond to phonological segments responsible for contrast that is found in spoken language Minimal pairs: in signed languages have the same contrast as seen in the difference between [t], [b], and [p], they differ only in 1 way
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Goals of Transcription Provide accurate representation of detail of facts Assure the representations are useful in characterizing organization of facts
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Goals of Transcription Must meet two goals: 1. Providing accurate representation of the ‘facts’ of a language 2. Assure that the representations characterize the organization of facts There are two aspects, abstract and concrete
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Concrete Transcription must account for linguistic details of the production of the signal Abstract Devices that permit a link between the surface representation and the underlying forms of the lexical items Should be capable of describing: 1. phonological shape
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liddel+and+johnson+-+Presentation2+edited - American Sign...

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