GNDR_225_midterm - GNDR 225-Midterm study guide Dominant:...

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GNDR 225-Midterm study guide Dominant: The superior group. Your birth defines you- can depend on race, sex, class, nationality, religion- all ascribed at birth - Has the greatest influence on determining a culture’s overall outlook - Model for normal human relationships - Actions and words of dominant group tend to be destructive of subordinates - Dominates prefer to avoid conflict- open conflict that might call to question the situation Subordinates : Have to concentrate on basic survival - Know more about dominants than dominants know about them - Subordinates won’t tell - Lack a realistic evaluation of their capacities and problems - Caught between two impulses - Move toward freerer expression and action - We are talking about groups not individuals - Ex: rich, white, men, heterosexual, American, Christian - No one is a member of just a dominant or subordinate group- the groups intersect - Should be thought of as particular groups that are separated by institutions Ex: institutions = government, education, law, religion, medicine Racialized: Certain groups have been racialized- the crime itself has been associated with that particular group - Ex: Blacks are associated with crack, whites are associated with coke - Something that has been associated within texts as a raced phenomenon- usually negative Popular culture : beliefs and practices and objects through which they are organized that are widely shared among a population - Also includes practices and beliefs that comprise our everyday lived experience: food we eat, clothing we wear, people we spend time with, gossip we share, places we travel…etc - Reflects and shapes broader social forces - Reciprocal not unidirectional - High brow love brow distinction - Debates o Origin of pop culture o Did it come from above or below o Whether it is appropriate for scholars to take an evaluative approach in conducting pop culture research o Circuit of culture: used to connect production and consumption Denotative: meaning without a lot of flexibility - Governed by a convention- we all agree or we wouldn’t be able to communicate
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- Cannot change - Everyone has to agree on what it is - Denotation = Literal meaning - Denotative level of televisiual sign fixed by certain very complex (limited or closed) codes Connotative : More flexible, implied or associated meanings - More conventionalized and changeable, les fixed- vary from instance to instance and must depend on intervention of codes - Connotative level of a sign that situational ideologies alter and transform signification - Connotative codes not equal among themselves - Advertising plays with connotative meanings o Ex: “the coming of winter” or “a cold day” – connotative - The terms are useful analytic tools for distinguishing between not the presence of ideologies in language but the different levels at which ideologies and discourses intersect Whiteness: Point of racing whites is to dislodge them/us from the position of power, with all the inequities, oppression, privileges, and sufferings in its train, dislodging
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This note was uploaded on 11/28/2011 for the course GNDR 225 taught by Professor Shaw during the Fall '11 term at Alabama A&M University.

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GNDR_225_midterm - GNDR 225-Midterm study guide Dominant:...

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