Political Parties.docx - Political Parties Defintions and...

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Political Parties Defintions and functions Types of political parties in Canada Definitions and origins The Rise of Minor (3 rd ) Parties and challenges to the 2 party system Four party systems Parties A group of people united in opinion or action, more or less permanently organized, which attempts to bring about the election of its candidates to public offices and by this means to control or influence the actions and policy of government. People who have similar ideas and how actions should take place Institutional structure to them Organize for political action, bring them to office Democratic Functions Exercise political power Organize the party Governments arise from political party They structure the vote – party which one belongs to is a significant process Promote political socialization and participatio n – creates a link between citizens and parties (Process & Citizens) Selection – recruit political personnel, nurture future generations, select candidates for election Articulate and Aggregate social interests – parties’ express public expectations/demands/needs Legitimation : link citizens and state How did parties first emerge> First emerged from legislative factions of members of parliament and nobles Aristocracy and Bourgeoisie selected the Candidates Growth of parliamentary government Factions were not ideological, more loose networks (capitalists, businesses) more about shared interest Relied on select few people especially local leaders Gradual extension of franchise Early Historical Development Pre-Confederation Governor (Reps. Britain) Council (colonial leaders) Legislative Assembly (represented people) Aim was to rep a Westminster Model Loose coalitions vs. Political Parties Reformers (now Liberals) & Conservatives

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