Religion Notes 03.28.11 - Religion Notes 03/28/11 Buddhist...

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Religion Notes 03/28/11 Buddhist Expansion: South Asia to China to Japan -With eastward expansion the dharma (teachings) was constantly adapted to local cultural conditions. -After Gupta dynasty (650 E): -Theravada Buddhism survived in small areas only under patronage -Confined to monasteries at major universities: Nalanda and Taxila, Vikramishila -But Mahayana spread to Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, etc. -Following transplantation in China, Sri Lanka and SE Asia: -Monks acquired texts from North India -Made pilgrimages to Bodh Gaya and other shrines. -Last donations to Bodh Gaya made in 1296 Why did Buddhism Decline in South Asia? Islam: already undermining Buddhism in 800 CE -Silk trade routes taken over by Muslim merchants, so monasteries lost source of funding. -Plundering of shrines in Northwestern regions and forced conversion of Buddhists to Islam -Rise of devotional Hinduism ( bhakti ) -Organized Hindu monasticism by Sankara -Since Bodh Gaya no longer accessible, replicas of Bodh Gaya built in East and Southeast Asia Buddhist Influence in Chinese Dynasties -Zhou: 200-645 CE -Tang: 645-907 CE -Song: 960-1279 CE
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Religion Notes 03.28.11 - Religion Notes 03/28/11 Buddhist...

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