Study Guide Supplement - 150-250 CE Nagarjuna 300 CE Rise...

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Timeline 563 BCE – Gautama Siddhartha is born. 326 BCE – Ashoka made Buddhism a much more powerful movement by conquering North India, then proceeding to base and unite the empire on the basis of Buddhist teachings 4-300 BCE - Buddhist monks spread across the Gangetic Plains 272 – 232 BCE Emperor Asoka (Mauraya Dynasty) boosted political fortunes of Buddhism by: -Unifying social classes -Linked householders with monastic elites -Patronage for important monks -Spread Buddhism from Afghanistan to Bengal, Himalayas to Ceylon 150 BCE - Buddhist monasteries extended along major trade routes from North to South, East to West 80 BCE - Leading Buddhist monks gathered in Anuradhapura, the capital city of Sri Lanka, to formally establish an authentic body of Buddhist scripture – the Pali Canon, which is the core of Theravada Buddhism. It was written in the language of Pali – derivative of Sanskrit, widely believed that Buddha also spoke it.
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Unformatted text preview: 150-250 CE Nagarjuna 300 CE Rise of Pure Land Buddhism in India 374-414 CE Seng Zhao 470-550 CE Buddhapalita 490-570 CE Bhavaviveka 499-569 CE- Paramartha 600 CE Much of Asia united under Buddhism 613-681 CE Shan-Tao - Pure Land Buddhism brought to China by monk Before 645 CE Pre-Tang Era 618-907 CE Tang Dynasty 650 CE After Gupta Dynasty, decline of Theravada and spread of Mahayana Buddhism. 710-794 CE Nara Period 794-1184 CE Heian Period 800 CE Islam already undermining Buddhism - Afghanistan was a major Buddhist stronghold until around this time 841-845 CE Great Persecution 960-1279 CE Song Dynasty 1141-1215 CE Eisai 1133-1212 CE = Honen 1185-1333 CE Kamakura Period 1200-1253 CE Dogen 1279-1368 CE Yuan Dynasty 1296 CE- Last donations to Bodh Gaya 1357-1419 CE Tsong Khapa 1392-1644 CE Ming Dynasty...
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