lsli06

# lsli06 - 06-1 06-1 Conversion To Logic Levels Problem...

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06-1 06-1 Conversion To Logic Levels Problem: Convert a voltage or other quantity to a logic value. The electrical characteristics of a 0 and 1 vary with logic family. (Don’t assume ground is a 0 and 5 V is a 1 .) Will describe (plain) TTL and CMOS. 06-1 EE 4770 Lecture Transparency. Formatted 13:25, 23 December 1997 from lsli06. 06-1

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06-2 06-2 Plain TTL Logic Levels Introduction There are many varieties of TTL. Each has diﬀerent electrical charac- teristics. Material here is for “plain” TTL. V CC A B AB 4 k Ohm 1.6 k Ohm 130 Ohm 1 k Ohm 06-2 EE 4770 Lecture Transparency. Formatted 13:25, 23 December 1997 from lsli06. 06-2
06-3 06-3 V CC A B AB 4 k Ohm 1.6 k Ohm 130 Ohm 1 k Ohm Input to gate is a transistor emitter. With 0 at input, current will be ﬂowing out of input-transistor emit- ter. A 0 is at 0 . 4 V with current ﬂowing to ground. This can be provided by a 250 Ω resistor to ground. With 1 at input, input transistor turned oﬀ, no current ﬂows. A 1 must then be greater than 4 . 5V. This can be provided by a 50 kΩ resistor to V cc or 5 V. 06-3 EE 4770 Lecture Transparency. Formatted 13:25, 23 December 1997 from lsli06. 06-3

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06-4 06-4 Example A circuit having a push button should have a 1 output when the button is pressed and a 0 output at other times. The circuit below is all that’s needed. V CC A B AB 4 k Ohm 1.6 k Ohm 130 Ohm 1 k Ohm 06-4 EE 4770 Lecture Transparency. Formatted 13:25, 23 December 1997 from lsli06. 06-4
06-5 06-5 CMOS Logic Levels A B AB V DD CMOS circuits use pairs of complementary transistors. Input is applied to gate of transistors. Almost no direct current ﬂows through gate. Input of 0 V for 0 and V DD for 1 . 06-5 EE 4770 Lecture Transparency. Formatted 13:25, 23 December 1997 from lsli06. 06-5

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06-6 Error Error is the diﬀerence between an ideal (or correct) value and an actual value. Several diﬀerent types of error can be measured. An error type can be expressed in several ways.
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lsli06 - 06-1 06-1 Conversion To Logic Levels Problem...

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