ch01 - CHAPTER 1 The Modern Organization in the Global,...

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CHAPTER 1 The Modern Organization in the Global, Web-Based Environment
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CHAPTER OUTLINE 1.1 Information Systems: Concepts and Definitions 1.2 The Global, Web-Based Platform 1.3 Business Pressures, Organizational Responses, and IT Support 1.4 Why Are Information Systems Important to You?
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Chapter Opening Case Google Headquarters Google servers in a server farm
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1.1 Information Systems: Concepts and Definitions Data : elementary description of transactions that are recorded, classified, and stored but not organized to convey any specific meaning. Information : refers to data that have been organized so that they have meaning and value to the recipient. Knowledge: data and/or information that has been organized and processed to convey understanding, experience, accumulated learning, and expertise.
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IT Architecture of Online Travel Agency
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IT Components, IT Platform, IT Services, and IT Infrastructure
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1.2 The Global, Web-Based Platform Best represented by the Internet and the World Wide Web Enables us to connect, compute, communicate, collaborate, and compete everywhere and anytime Operates without regard to geography, time, distance, and language
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The Global, Web-Based Platform
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Thomas Friedman’s Ten Flatteners Fall of the Berlin Wall Netscape goes public Development of work-flow software Uploading Outsourcing Offshoring Supply Chaining Insourcing Informing The Steroids
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Fall of the Berlin Wall
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Rise of the European Union (a consequence of the Fall of the Berlin Wall)
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Netscape Goes Public Marc Andreessen (wrote Mosaic browser and Netscape browser)
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Uploading
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The Open Source Movement (essential ingredient of uploading) Linux Apache Web server
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The Open Source Movement (continued) Mozilla Firefox Thunderbird
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The Steroids Digital Mobile Virtual Personal
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First Steroid: Computing (processing) TO Charles Babbage’s Difference Engine (1822) Ultramobile personal computer
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Computing (continued – storage) TO First disk storage unit by IBM (1956) Capacity: 5 megabytes Size: Refrigerator Sony Micro Vault Thumb Drive Capacity: 2 gigabytes
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Second Steroid: Instant Messaging and File Sharing Instant messaging (example) File sharing (example)
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Third Steroid: Voice over Internet Protocol
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Fourth Steroid: Videoconferencing A telepresence system in a conference room
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Fifth Steroid: Computer Graphics
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