206Fall2011PP13

206Fall2011PP13 - POLS20611/3/2011 LawandtheCourtsin...

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POLS 206 11/3/2011 Law and the Courts in  American Politics
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“It’s the Law” l Neither “force” nor “custom” l American law based on: 1. Judge-made law over time. 2. Precedent: reference to prior cases. 3. Stare decisis: courts bound by precedent
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In the United States law does… l Maintain order, rules of conduct. LAW says what is acceptable  behavior not custom or force l Promote ethics in society. Laws reflect what we think is right, wrong  (with variation and controversy) l Regulate economy and society. Production, sales, profits,  conditions, e.g. “contracts”. Society: sex, marriage, literacy l Peaceful means of settling disputes
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Types of Law l Public law: legal action from government institution to benefit society  (EPA ruling on clean air) --administrative --criminal --constitutional l Private law: legal rules to remedy wrongs against individuals or  groups (most lawsuits) l Common law: customs and norms, only in states…no national  “common law” (state law vs. or for gay marriage) l Statutory law: state legislature laws reflecting public sentiments --”statutory rape” l Civil law: Made by an agency or institution of government re  conflicts of non-criminal nature.
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course POLS 206 taught by Professor Someonethatwasjusttryingtogettheirdoctorate during the Fall '06 term at Texas A&M.

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206Fall2011PP13 - POLS20611/3/2011 LawandtheCourtsin...

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