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206Fall2011PP4 - POLS206 CivilRightsandCivil...

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POLS 206-508 9/13/2011 Civil Rights and Civil  Liberties: Civil Rights
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Civil Rights l Rights under the Constitution to participate  in society and in the political system on  equal footing  with others. …but what is “equality?”
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Three Categories (and Issues) 1. Privacy (the missing right) --how  to create --limits 2. “Rights of the Accused” -- conditions --limits 3. Race, Gender --what does  equality mean --”special rights”
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I. Privacy: the Missing Right “Right to be left alone” 1. Sex 2. Sanctity of home 3. Workplace, schools 4. One’s body (abortion) 5. Communication (internet, phones) -- wiretapping --Facebook
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Supreme Court Decides: Creation  “Implied Rights”: 4th, 9th,  14th Amendments,  1.   1965  Griswold vs. Connecticut (7-2) --CT birth control clinic legalized 2.   1972  Eisenstadt vs. Baird   (6-1) -- unmarried couples have privacy 3.   1973  Roe vs. Wade  (7-2) --states cannot criminalize abortion 4.   2003  Lawrence vs. Texas  (6-3) -- consensual acts ok between same sex
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Supreme Court Decides: Limits 1.  “Unusual circumstances” --crime --war, terrorism 2.  State, local laws --1986  Bowers  vs. Hardwick *Erosion and  controversy 3.  Public harm --children --stalkers 4.  Workplace rules—compliance and monitoring
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1973 Roe vs. Wade
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