Feminism is a philosophy advocating equal economic, political, and social rights and opportunities for women. The term has been used for close to a century in the United States: Even before winning the right to vote in 1920, women who sought women's rights called themselves feminists.Between 1920 and 1960, enthusiasm for the women's rights movement decreased. The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) to the United States Constitution, which would have made sex discrimination officially unconstitutional, caused feminists to split during the 1920s and form two camps — those who favored the ERA and those who opposed it. The Great Depression and World War II also hindered gains for feminists.In the 1960s, political activism for women's rights began to increase. Two branches formed: a middle-
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