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Computer Basics and Information Processing StudyGuide

Computer Basics and Information Processing StudyGuide - DSL...

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CS110 Fall 2011 Computer Basics and Information Processing Study Guide Refer to Webopedia.com , Howstuffworks.com (Tech tab), and the articles and videos listed on the Computer Basics Resources document to answer the questions and define the terms listed below. Terms Processing Bit Byte microprocessor Modem CPU ALU Control unit Instruction set Binary ASCII UNICODE BIOS Volatile Nonvolatile Bus Transfer rate Access time Binary Memory / Storage RAM ROM Cache Primary Storage Secondary Storage External Storage USB Random access Sequential access Input / Output Data Information Input Output printer features: resolution, cpi, dot pitch monitor features: refresh rate, pixel peripherals hardware software: system software, applications software Questions 1. What are the two main components of the CPU? 2. What is the difference between ROM and RAM? 3. What is the difference between memory and disk storage? 4. How many Bytes in a Gigabyte? 5. What does 56K Modem indicate about the modem? How does this speed compare to the speed of
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Unformatted text preview: DSL or Cable? 6. How does most of today's computers represent information (data)? CS110 Fall 2011 7. Convert the base 10 number 76 to binary. 8. Convert the binary number 101101 to decimal (base10). 9. The seven "truths about bits (koans)" discussed in BTB are listed below. Choose one koan and discuss in detail its meaning and its possible effect your personal computer encounters. It's all just bits. Perfection is normal. There is want in the midst of reality. Processing is power. More of the same can be a whole new thing. Nothing goes away. Bits move faster than thoughts. 10. "The Information Machine" video is an animated film that places the computer in historical perspective and was produced for the IBM exhibit at the Brussels World Fair in 1958. What is its main purpose? In other words, what does it show about the relationship between people and the machine?...
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