383-Fall11-Lec1 - CMPSCI 383 Introduction to Artificial...

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1 Instructor: Andy Barto Teaching Assistant: Phil Thomas Fall 2011 Tues-Thu 9:30-10:45 Computer Science Bldg. 142 CMPSCI 383 Introduction to Artificial Intelligence http://www-anw.cs.umass.edu/~barto/383-Fall2011 Wednesday, September 7, 2011
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2 Today’s lecture Introduce the basic idea of AI The nature of intelligence Characteristics of the field of study Examples of AI systems Explain the structure of the course Themes Policies Tips for doing well Wednesday, September 7, 2011
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3 “Over the Christmas holiday, Al Newell and I invented a thinking machine.” — Herbert Simon (1956) Wednesday, September 7, 2011
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4 What is AI? Historical definition: “The study of the conjecture that every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it.” Dartmouth Workshop, Summer of 1956 Wednesday, September 7, 2011
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From the proposal for the Dartmouth Workshop 5 “An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves. We think that a significant advance can be made in one or more of these problems if a carefully selected group of scientists work on it together for a summer.” Wednesday, September 7, 2011
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An Early Success in Machine Learning 6 Arthur Samuel 1901-1990 IBM Poughkeepsie Laboratory Worked on machine learning for the game of checkers from 1949 through the 1960s ~1970 at Stanford AI Laboratory Wednesday, September 7, 2011
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7 Which is more intelligent? or Rule #1 — You tell intelligence by what it does, not what it is Wednesday, September 7, 2011
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8 Which is more intelligent? or Rule #2 — Intelligence depends on the task Wednesday, September 7, 2011
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9 Which is more intelligent? or Rule #3 — Intelligence depends on software and knowledge 7,168 NVIDIA® Tesla™ M2050 GPUs and 14,336 CPUs Wednesday, September 7, 2011
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10 Wednesday, September 7, 2011
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11 “Within thirty years, we will have the technological means to create superhuman intelligence. Shortly thereafter, the human era will be ended.” — Vernor Vinge (1993) Wednesday, September 7, 2011
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“Rather than attempting to match human performance in tasks at which we excel, AI researchers ought to concentrate on surpassing human performance in tasks to which we are ill- adapted. Research should focus, not on imitating human cognition, but on exploring alternative styles of intelligence.” - Cullen Schaffer (1988). S
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course COMPSCI 383 taught by Professor Andrewbarto during the Fall '11 term at UMass (Amherst).

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383-Fall11-Lec1 - CMPSCI 383 Introduction to Artificial...

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