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Unformatted text preview: Black Elk Speaks , a personal narrative, has the characteristics of several genres: autobiography, testimonial, tribal history, and elegy. However, Neihardt's editing and his daughter's transcription of Black Elk's words, as well as Black Elk's son's original spoken translation, raise questions about the narrative's authenticity. Black Elk Speaks is divided into 25 chapters, which depict Black Elk's early life. As an autobiography, the narrative traces Black Elk's development as a healer and holy man empowered by a mystical vision granted to him when he was young. As a tribal history, it records the transition of the Sioux nation from pre-reservation to reservation culture, including their participation in the Battle of Little Bighorn, the ghost dance, and the massacre at Wounded Knee . Black Elk Speaks offers testimony to the price in human suffering that the Sioux paid for the westward...
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- Fall '08