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But any text that has been through the process that Black Elk Speaks has raises questions of authent

But any text that has been through the process that Black Elk Speaks has raises questions of authent

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But any text that has been through the process that  Black Elk Speaks  has raises questions of  authenticity. The man who lived it recited the narrative after 40 to 60 years had passed since the  events he narrates. Black Elk's son Ben translated his father's spoken Oglala dialect into spoken  English. Then, Neihardt's daughter Enid, who often functioned as her father's secretary, recorded  Ben's spoken English in shorthand. A man who was not an anthropologist or a linguist but a poet,  Neihardt himself edited her written transcription into its final form. The narrative is historically  accurate in terms of the chronology and events in tribal history that it records. The transcript seems  to indicate that the accuracy is due to Black Elk's memory; the collaboration of his friends Standing  Bear and Iron Hawk is also important, as is the fact that Neihardt researched some of this same  material for his 
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