On the other hand, Dickens himself was a nominal Anglican rather than an "evangelical." He was not pious and not even a regular church-goer. Thus, by no means, does he represent an example of a Victorian author conforming unquestioningly to the expectations of religion or religiosity. He reserves the right to create morally in-between characters (Richard Carstone is an obvious example), and when he wants to write pure entertainment — a ghost story or an adventure tale without any "edifying" value — he does so. Nevertheless, Dickens was determined, always, to remain popular and make money, and so his fiction does, on the whole, seek to ingratiate itself with the middle-class world. Most of his books and stories are well stocked with "pure," or at least admirable, characters. Villains are reformed or punished. Story endings are happy. Though Dickens is known to have had no objection to the bawdy elements in his much-loved Fielding
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