plants-buds-twigs-1 - axillary or lateral buds. If they do...

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Buds and twigs Buds Structure (Fig. 1a) A bud is a "condensed" shoot. Its stem is very short and its leaves are so close that they overlap, each one wrapping round the next above it. The inner leaves are crinkled and folded, since a large surface area is packed into a small space. The outermost leaves are often thicker and tougher, and sometimes black or brown. These are the bud scales and they protect the more delicate, inner, foliage leaves from drying up, from damage by birds, insects, etc. and, to some extent, from extremes of temperature. At the end of the bud's short stem is either a flower, or a growing point where rapid cell division will take place later on when the next bud is forming. Types of bud . Terminal buds are formed at the ends of main shoots or branches during the season's growth. There are also buds in the axils of the leaves. These are called
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Unformatted text preview: axillary or lateral buds. If they do not grow in the following year, they are also described as dormant buds. When the terminal buds grow, they continue growth in length of the shoot, whereas lateral buds make new branches. Either type may produce a flower instead of, or in addition to, a leafy shoot. If this happens in a terminal bud, growth is continued in the following season by one or more lateral buds, since the flower or inflorescence drops away leaving no growing point. 1 Bud structure foliage leaves tightly packed and overlapping region of cell division thick bud scales short stem new terminal bud forming stem elongating bud scales spaced out leaf leaf opened out new lateral bud scars bud scales fall off Fig.1 Diagram of bud growth (a) (b) (c) © D.G. Mackean...
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course BIO 218 taught by Professor Young during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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