Unformatted text preview: as she can lay them. Eventually some of the worker nymphs undergo their final moult and become winged adults which leave the colony to swarm, mate and start new colonies. All termites feed on plant material, mainly cellulose from wood. Some species can digest cellulose but Macrotermes carries the wood back to the nest where it is chewed, made into a ‘comb’ and used to grow fungus. The termites then feed on this fungus. Although the nest starts underground, the workers build large mounds from clay, sand and their saliva. The size of the mound varies according to local conditions, but the nest chamber is above ground level. Queen termite Winged termite (adult) Worker (nymph) Soldier (nymph) 1 cm 1 cm 1 cm 1 cm compound eye abdomen no eyes jaws abdomen jaws Section through termite’s nest vertical shaft helps ventilate the nest tunnel to food source nest area and fungus comb soil level © D.G.Mackean 3 m high or more...
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course BIO 218 taught by Professor Young during the Fall '11 term at BYU.
- Fall '11