Final - AnimalBehavior2 19:01...

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Animal Behavior 2 19:01 Environmental Influence on behavior Learning - “the modification of behavior based on specific experiences” Habituation - “a loss of responsiveness to stimuli that convey little IMPORTANT  information” Spatial Learning - a simple but elegant experiment by Tinbergen Wasps use landmarks to find their nests Associative learning Classical conditioning - Pavlov’s dogs Operant conditioning - (trial and error learning) Animal Communication Signal - a behavior that causes a change in the behavior of another animal Chemical Communication - most take place through  pheromones Non-sexual context- marking territories or alarm signals Sexual context- use to get females Acoustic communication - some signals are partially learned (like bird songs), others are  under genetic control. Animal Cognition The ability of an animal’s nervous system to perceive, store, process, and use  information (the study of cognition connects behavior with nervous system function) Problem Solving - the ability to devise solutions to novel problems Hamiltons rule - r*B>C behavior will be performed (we use for deciding if something will  save another person) Kin selection - (know 6 types of selection)- natural selection that favors this kind of  altruistic behavior by enhancing the reproductive success of relatives. “tit-for-tat - an individual treats another in the same way it was treated the last time they  met Competition - an interaction between 2 species where BOTH species suffer negative  fitness consequence
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Species interact in Communities 19:01 Communities- are sets of populations of different species that live in the same area and  can potentially interact.
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Species interact in Communities 19:01 Characteristic of communities include: Species that are present Abundance of species that are present How the species interact  Measures of community structure Species richness : this measure captures differences among tropical temperate, and  boreal regions. Food chain : A sequence in which a plant is eaten by an herbivore which is eaten by a  secondary consumer.  Food chains represent the feeding relationships as a linear flow of energy through the  environment Trophic levels - organisms in a community can be divided into trophic levels based on  their source of energy Autotrophs - photosynthesizers of primary producers that get their energy directly from  sunlight. Heterotrophs
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Final - AnimalBehavior2 19:01...

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