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Plan: • Anatomy of the foot Ligaments of the foot Foot muscles The bones of the foot • Flat feet • Funds for the treatment of flatfoot • Literature
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Anatomy of the foot If we consider the foot as a whole, as in any other department of musculoskeletal rights, there are three major structures: bones of the foot, foot ligaments that hold bones to form joints, muscles of the foot. The bones of the foot The skeleton of the foot consists of three divisions: the tarsus, metatarsus and toes. Tarsal bone Posterior tarsal up talus and calcaneus, anterior - navicular, cuboid, and three wedge. Talus bone located between the distal end of the shin bone and heel bone, as a kind of bone meniscus between the shin bone and the bones of the foot. Talus bone has a body and head, among which is isthmus - neck. The body on the upper surface has a joint surface - block talus, which serves for articulation with the bones of the leg. On the front surface of the head also has articular surface for articulation with the navicular bone. The inner and outer surfaces of the body are the joint surfaces, articulated with the ankles, on the lower surface - deep groove separating the joint surfaces, which serve to its junction with the calcaneus. Calcaneus is lowback part tarsal. It has an elongated, flattened laterally form and is the largest among all the bones of the foot. In her distinguished body and he is well palpable posterior calcaneal tuberosity. This bone has an articular surface, which serve for articulation with the talus on top and in front - with the cuboid bone. The inside on the heel bone is the projection - talus.
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Navicular bone is located at the inner edge of the foot. It lies in front of the collision, the rear of the wedge and the inside of the cuboid. At the inner edge of it has tuberosity of navicular bone, facing downwards, which is well detectable under the skin and is identifiable point for determining the height of the inner part of the longitudinal arch of the foot. This bone is convex anteriorly. It has the articular surface, articulated with the adjacent bones. Cuboid is located at the outer edge of the foot and articulated with the back heel, the inside with the navicular and the outer wedge, and in front - with the fourth and fifth metatarsal bones. At its lower surface is groove in which lies the tendon of peroneus longus. Sphenoid bone (medial, intermediate and lateral), lying in front navicular, cuboid from the inside, behind the first three metatarsal bones and are perednevnutrenny Front tarsus. Bone paw Each of the five metatarsal bones has a tubular form. They distinguish the base, body and head. The body of any metatarsal bone in its shape resembles a trigonal prism. The longest bone is the second most short and thick - the first. On the basis of bone paw have articular surfaces that are used for articulation with the tarsal bones, as well as with neighboring metatarsals, and the head - articular surface for articulation with the proximal phalanges. All the bones of the shank from the
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course RWR fref taught by Professor Erf during the Spring '11 term at Audencia Nantes Ecole de Management.

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