history notes 1

history notes 1 - History notes [email protected]

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History notes [email protected] Social housekeeping Womens clubs Lobby for solutions for problems Memberships rise Womens suffrage movement National American Women Suffrage Association 1890 4 states allow women voting between 1896-1910 Nineteenth amendment passed in 1920 The right to vote shall not be abridged “on account of sex” THE PROGRESSIVES Diverse movement Series of overlapping movements Political style not platform Share belief that modern institutions could be made humane and moral Remedies require repeated actions by reforem institutions Imposed solutions Believe both god and science on their side Justify good and bad divisions Demand more democracy when it leads to “good government” but if majority is wrong, willing to use unelected managers. Social workers and muckrakers Settlement houses First in nyc in 1886, by 1910 US had 400+ Most famous Hull House, opens in Chicago 1889 Opened kindergarten Free medical clinic Open citys first public playground Lobby for social causes Examples: safe food, repaired housing, working conditions for women and children Muckrakers Journalism exposing corporate or public villainy Named names ad set up targets for crusades Example: upton siclaires “the jungle” 1906 Emphasis on experts Rising influence of social sciences and professions Distrust of democracy Schools run by admin not elected boards Race “science” justified classification of nonwhite as separate and inferior Ida B Wells-Barnett Publically lynched nationally, leading to widespread anti-lynching campaigns W.E.B. DuBois Opposes Booker T Washington acceptance of legal inequality
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Blacks should demand rught to vote, civic equality, and education NAACP founded in 1909 Founded by group of reformers and intellectuals, majority white Redesigning the city The “Boss” Aids immigrant and working families Also brothels, saloons, gambling, etc. City planning Seek to soften urban landscape with open spaces and greenery Enact zoning law: organizing public space THEO ROOSEVELT AS PRES Roosevelt becomes president Increases presidential power Strive for greater order and efficiency Re-make exec as pre-eminent branch of government Draft bill, mould public opinion Protect citizens Trust buster Gov not break trust, but regulate to serve public interests Revitalize interstate commerce commission ‘ Control over freight rates, telephone, telegraph and cable communication Pure food and drug act 1906 Conservation of public lands Used wisely, scientifically, in national interest Controls on prospecting grazing and logging Roosevelt quadruoles land in fed reserves profsionallized Panama canal opens in 1914 Hub of world trade and naval power Costs of 352 mill nad 5,600 lives ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Major Progressive bills Federal reserve act, 1913 Set national board to supervise banking
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history notes 1 - History notes [email protected]

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