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Unformatted text preview: viPOSC 1113/Baker/Study Guide for Exam 2 Public Opinion/Political Socialization What factors influence political socialization the most? How does it affect their view of government? • Modeling-parents (can be supportive or not) • Social environment- race, social class, educational environment, and religious beliefs • Media- they have agendas---they aid in leading the audiences thoughts. This is equal to the family. • Public events What is public opinion? How is it measured? • the aggregate of individual attitudes or beliefs shared by some portion of the adult population. • It is measured by taking polls. Consensus- everyone is agreeing on that issue. Nonopinion- everything is divided up almost equally. Divisive- half and half Does public opinion affect actual policy? • the national government is very responsive to the public's demands for action • public opinion does not make public policy; rather, it restrains officials from taking truly unpopular actions . Interest Groups What are the main functions of interest groups? • solve civic problems, • establish social relationships, and • speak for their economic or political interests Why do interest groups form? Why do they not form in certain situations? • Solidary incentives include companionship, a sense of belonging, and the pleasure of associating with others. • material incentives- A reason or motive having to do with economic benefits or opportunities • purposive incentives- A reason for supporting or participating in the activities of a group that is based on agreement with the goals of the group. For example, someone with a strong interest in human rights might have a purposive incentive to join Amnesty International. • if the contribution of an individual will make a difference to the effort, then it is worth it to the individual to join. For some, the incentive is not good enough and they do not believe that what they are doing will actually make a difference. What types of interest groups are there? • Economic • Public-Interest • Environmental • Single Interest • Foreign Governments What are the basic objectives of interest groups? How did they meet their goals? • get people they support into office • gain access to lawmakers to get them to vote how they want. • They met their goals by making sure a candidate gets into office by doing everything for them and the candidate only had to show up. What are the major changes to campaign law for interest groups from the Bi-Partisan Campaign Reform Act?...
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- Fall '11