INR Study guide .5

INR Study guide.5 - INR STUDY GUIDE*Secondary Chart Reference 1.What basic assumptions do political scientists make when trying to understand

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INR STUDY GUIDE *Secondary Chart Reference* 1.What basic assumptions do political scientists make when trying to understand international politics? They assume whether the policy there making will be good for the country they are representing Political scientist- make a prescription, prediction of what will happen post prescription, provide a description of what will happen next, provide an explanation to some sort of contradiction, purpose a goal Scientist- question, hypotheses, determines patterns, define and measure key factors, choose research method, evaluate findings . Political scientist must make these vital decisions made on predictions. 2. Why does the study of international politics largely ignore the period of history known as the “middle? Ages?” (IDK) 3. What are the essential characteristics of the “Westphalia system” in international politics? Westphalia system = state system The modern sovereign state system is called the Westphalian system Key facts: main actors in the system are states, key principle is sovereignty. o A state is only sovereign when other states recognize their sovereignty…giving them greater legitimacy and ultimately creating a greater chance of surviving. Treaty of Westphalia ended the 30yr. war- this established principles that defined the system o Treaty recognized the existence of sovereign states o Define the rights of sovereign states – that each state had complete authority over its own affairs. System had internal and external dimensions o Internally: no one within a state had the right to challenge the
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ruler’s power o Externally: no one outside a territory had the right to say what should go on within that territory. 4. What is the significance of anarchy in international politics? Anarchy- a central assumption common to all realist theories Int’l politics is anarchic, because there is no central ruler…no world government to rule over the states. Anarchy predisposes int’l politics toward conflict. Anarchy = no global cop _Example: anarchy doesn’t mean chaos this worked in Europe in the beginning of the 19 th century - 5.How did the system that developed in Europe come to characterize international politics around the World? Europeans with “discovery” of the Americas came to dominate the globe. The development of the state system came to dominate because Europeans forcibly integrated the modern state system. Resistance to European imperialism was unsuccessful because they had superior technology as a result of constant warfare, they were in development stages of capitalism evident from investor going on overseas business ventures to profit from, and Christianity was predominate in Europe and this provided justification for expansion for the purpose of converting non-Christians. 6.
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course INR 2001 taught by Professor Richard during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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INR Study guide.5 - INR STUDY GUIDE*Secondary Chart Reference 1.What basic assumptions do political scientists make when trying to understand

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