INR Study Guide 1 - 1. What basic assumption do political...

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1. What basic assumption do political scientists make when trying to understand international politics? a. Basic a.i. History shapes the way people react a.ii. Not unique a.ii.1. Patterns and connections… observable…political scientist believe there is an underlying connections b. Scientific b.i. Actors and units b.ii. Models and theories – used to understand and predict b.iii. Measuring and defining b.iv. Understnading 2. Why does the study of international politics largely ignore the period of history known as the “middle ages?” a. Feudal system b. No sovereignty 3. What are the essential characteristics of the “Westphalian system” in international politics? a. Westphalian system = system of nation-states b. Main actors in systems are states but must be recognized by other states c. Sovereignty = each state has authority over its territory c.i. Internally and externally 4. What is the significance of anarchy in international politics? a. Anarchy – no central ruler (basic assumption of realism) a.i. Anarchy is reason international assumptions exist b. Liberalism – The anarchist are right but that they states are rational and will look for solutions 5. How did the system that developed in Europe come to characterize international politics around the world? a. The idea of balance of power developed 6. What are the major similarities and differences between balance of power theory and hegemonic stability [And which is more valid? Use specific evidence from history of international politics] a. Balance of power is that there are multiple states in power a.i. States will balance each other…such as the Cold War b. Hegemonic stability there is one state clearly more powerful than the others c. Difference: Balance of power theory sees stability in balance and sees the chance of war increasing as one state seeks to dominate the others c.i. Hegemonic stability theory views stability in dominance and sees the chances of war increasing as the situation moves toward equality d. Similarity: Hegemonic stability theorists would concur with blanace of power theorists that if leading state tried to conquer the other, the would join together to defeat is, as has occurred historically. e. Examples: Napoleon and Hitler f. Which is more valid:
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f.i. Hegemonic Stability: Keeps order, mediates disputes, and opposes any autonomous action. Ex. Rome. f.i.1. Hegemony is argued that it leads to peace because states are not irrational enough to tangle with the hegemon unless it is absolutely necessary 7. According to hegemonic stability theory, which states might be expected to initiate war in the coming decades? Why? a. War can begin either if the rising second-place state seeks to assert its power or if the hegemon attacks preemptively, in order to crush the rising threat before it becomes even more powerful. b.
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course INR 2001 taught by Professor Richard during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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INR Study Guide 1 - 1. What basic assumption do political...

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