Lecture 6 - Lecture 6 Palaeolithic period: Palaios (old)...

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Lecture 6 Palaeolithic period: Palaios (old) and Lithos (stone) Early stone age about 45,000 BCE. Characterized by early usage of tools. (banging rocks, chiseling arrow heads) lower paleolithic: more rain in Sahara desert, big plain, signs of life, grass. Rain continues in Southern Africa, but not in Northern Africa. Eventually dried out, now without much rain. Climate changes occurring during the Late Palaeolithic period cause the hunting communities of the Sahara Desert to move to the Nile Valley and Delta regions in search for a more hospitable environment to live in. People who lived in the Sahara were nomads, followed animals towards the Nile Valley (especially Delta) when desert started to dry up. Oasis doesn't really form, just remains fertile from the earlier times. Numerous signs of early life along the Nile Neolithic Period: Neos (Young, recent , new) and Lithos (stone) about 6,500 BCE. Period of vast advancement, great change. transition from a nomadic to a settled lifestyle!!! 1 st time we see people build communities and towns. Transition from a hunting to an agricultural economy. Have to learn how to farm because plants have seasons, when to sow, when to reap, when to plant. Development of crafts: production of pottery (early on learned how to fire pottery, lasts
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Lecture 6 - Lecture 6 Palaeolithic period: Palaios (old)...

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