Lecture 11 - 1 Lecture 11 The social and economical...

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1 Lecture 11 The social and economical structure is pyramidal, with the king at the top of the pyramid and a broad base of peasantry (80% of the total population) at the bottome. Between the king and the peansantry stands an intermediate class of administrative and religious officials OLD KINGDOM! (2686-2181 BCE: Dynasties 3-6) Religious Centers: Heliopolis (Re) – Delta Region Memphis (Ptah) - Cairo Hermopolis (Thoth) – Apex of Delta Religious Organization: Central Cult Re (Sun God) – falcon head with sundisk and cobra on top of his head o Chief god at this time Re Atum – was creator God, old kingdom gods moved in the assimilated their gods with Atum, claiming their basically the same thing. Not forcing religious belifes on someone else, helped unite depicted with double crown Re Herakty - most common with sun disc and cobra with the head of a falcon Re Kephri – Scarad Head Ptah – Creator God - Created the earth. Patron God of craftsmen Thoth – God of wisdom of the moon - Inventor of Writing Mediator God - Mediates so no God gets the upper hand and also equated with the heart o Heart was the seat of intelligence all forms of intelligent work within it Sun Temples – Dedicated to Re (Fifth dynasty generation)
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course CLA 3160 taught by Professor Wagman during the Fall '09 term at University of Florida.

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Lecture 11 - 1 Lecture 11 The social and economical...

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