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Unformatted text preview: LECTURE 19!! 1. Second Intermediate Period 1786-1567 BCE Dynasties 13-17 a. End of the Middle Kingdom a.i. The 12 th dynasty ended with the reigns of Amenhemet IV and his sister, queen Sobekneferu who is the first known female ruler of Egypt a.ii. At the death of Sobekneferu the transition from Dynasty 12 to Dynasty 13 appears to have taken place peacefully b. 13 th Dynasty b.i. Memphis b.i.1. Consisted of a series of weak kings who failed to maintain full control of the country b.ii. Xois b.ii.1. Towards the end of the 13 th dynasty an alternate dynastic line, Dynasty 14 established itself at Xois in the Western Delta (Marsh People) b.ii.2. Start losing the cataracts to Nubian invaders b.ii.3. 13 th Dynasty loses everything the 11 th and 12 th Dynasty gained b.iii. Avaris b.iii.1. Approximately in the same period, Semtic invaders from the East begun invading the eastern Delta, establishing their capital at Avaris c. Dynasties 15-16 (Hyksos) c.i. Dress and coloration is different because they are different from the...
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- Fall '09