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Exam 4 study guide - CEP EXAM 4 REVIEW 1 What are risk...

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CEP EXAM 4 REVIEW 1. What are risk factors and protective factors that predispose youth to drug use? Protective factors: self-control, parental monitoring, anti-drug use policies, strong neighborhood attachment Risk factors: aggressive behavior, lack of parental supervision, lure of gang membership, drug availability, and poverty 2. What are the four primary factors that first surround an individual with regard to the possibility of drug use before other factors? Genetics Personality traits Attitudes and beliefs Interpersonal and peer resistance skills 3. What are the levels of drug prevention programs? What are some examples of each? Level 1- Primary Prevention (Risk reduction before abuse) is aimed at non users and the goal is to inoculate potential users against drug use. Primary prevention is often targeted at at-risk youth who may live in areas where licit and illicit types of drugs are rampant, may come from problem families, or are surrounded by drug abusing peers. o Intrapersonal factors: affective education, values clarification, personal and social skills development (assertiveness and refusal skills), drug and education o Small Group factors: peer mentoring, conflict resolution, curriculum infusion, clarification of peer norms, alternatives, strengthening families. o System Levels: Strengthening school family links, school-community links, and community support systems, media advocacy efforts reduce alcohol marketing. Level 2: Secondary Drug Prevention (Intervening in early abuse) target at-risk groups, early experimenters and abuse populations in order to stop the progression to drug of abuse. Similar to early intervention . Aim is towards newer drug users with a limited history of use. o Assessment strategies: identification of abuse subgroups and individual subgroups and individual diagnose, early intervention coupled with sanctions, teacher-counselor-parent team approach, developing healthy alternative youth culture, recovering role models. Level 3: Tertiary Prevention (Intervening in advanced abuse) their goal is to focus directly on intervention and target chemically dependent individual who need treatment. o Assessment and diagnosis, referral into treatment, case management, reentry 4. What is the DARE program? What are its strengths and weaknesses? DARE (drug abuse resistance education): Drug education program presented in elementary and junior high schools nationwide by police officers o 70% in school districts, 25 mil students, 44 foreign countries. o Short term: DARE improved students’ views of themselves and increased their sense of personal responsibility o The program has not yielded a measurable, significant change in drug use o Strong inconsistency between students’ self reported attitudes about use and actual drug use o One major problem: found no significant difference in drug use between DARE graduates and students never exposed to the curriculum.
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