CP_lang1_post - COMMON FEATURES OF SPOKEN LANGUAGES...

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COMMON FEATURES OF SPOKEN LANGUAGES Arbitrary link of sound and meaning occurs in absence of referent (displacement) small set of phonemes (/e/, /sh/, . .) that carry meaning (duality) large set of morphemes large set of “content” words syntactic rules that specify sequence and constituent structure (regularity) unlimited number of potential sentences (productivity) iteration and recursion
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DIFFERENCES AMONG SPOKEN LANGUAGES identity and number of phonemes English has ~ 45 phonemes Russian has ~ 70 phonemes specific syntactic rules e.g., for basic declarative sentence, SVO 35% SOV 44% VSO 19% OVS 0% number of inflections (walk, walk ing ..) Chinese has none Serbo-Croatian has lots total number of morphemes varies with cultural complexity use of intontation (prosody) phonemically Cantonese: “ma, ma ma ma, ma ma.”
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FOR SPOKEN LANGUAGE
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CP_lang1_post - COMMON FEATURES OF SPOKEN LANGUAGES...

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