CP_ltm2_post - FLASHBULB MEMORIES (Christiansen, 1989)...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
6 weeks one year how were you informed? 1.00 .72 what time of day was it? .92 .25 what were you doing? .92 .50 who were you with? .94 .83 what was your first thought? .83 .44 most vivid event from prior Saturday (control) .89 .11 “FLASHBULB” MEMORIES (Christiansen, 1989) Swedish students interviewed within 24 hours of the assassination of Olaf Palme Then questioned again after . . .
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
MEMORY OVER TIME: THE FORGETTING FUNCTION Ebbinghaus (1885): forgetting of list of nonsense syllables 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 Percent Sav 20 min 8 hr 2 days 31 days Retention Interva forgetting of Spanish learned in college 0 20 40 60 80 100 Percent of las 1 2 5 9 14 25 34 49 Years since clas English-Spanish Spanish-English
Background image of page 2
RECOVERY FROM “CONCUSSION AMNESIA” time of accident hours later yrs mo day days . . weeks . . Retrograde Amnesia - can be severe - worse for recent events - almost complete recovery Anterograde Amnesia - mild to moderate - worse for events just after trauma - “blank periods” may remain ??????? ??? ? ?? ? ?? ? ? ?? ?
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Electroshock Therapy (EST) used to treat depression can help, with minimal side-effects transient amnesia often seen Memory following EST (Squire, 1975) tests memory for “non-syndicated” TV shows 1964 through 1972 dramatic “reverse recency” amnesia dissipates as time goes by: Ribot’s Law and the process of consolidation RECOVERY FROM “ELECTRO- SHOCK” AMNESIA 30 40 50 60 70 80 Recognition '72 '70 '68 '66 '64 Year of TV Show no EST one hr after EST one mnth after EST
Background image of page 4
ENCODING SPECIFICITY PRINCIPLE How an event is encoded determines the effectiveness of various retrieval cues (Tulving, 1972). Memory will be best if cues/context at study and test are the same task: free recall of word lists Study in. . Test in. . % recalled office office lab lab 27% office lab lab office 20%
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
RECOGNITION > RECALL Study words in context of weak associates: glue -- chair train -- black etc Generate words to strong associates of target words:
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 24

CP_ltm2_post - FLASHBULB MEMORIES (Christiansen, 1989)...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online