CP_stm_post - THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF SHORT-TERM MEMORY...

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Unformatted text preview: THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF SHORT-TERM MEMORY “There seems to be a presence-chamber in my mind where full consciousness holds court, and where two or three ideas are at the same time in audience, and and antechamber full of more of less allied ideas, which is situated just beyond the full ken of consciousness. Out of this antechamber, the ideas most readily allied to those in the presence-chamber appear to be summoned in a mechanically logical way, and have their turn of audience.”-- Francis Galton (1883) “The objects we feel in this directly intuited past differ from properly recollected objects. An object which is recollected, in the proper sense of the term, is one which has been absent from consciousness altogether, and now revived anew… But an object of primary memory in not thus brought back; it was never lost -- its date was never cut off in consciousness from that of the immediately present moment. In fact, it comes to us as belonging to the rerward portion of the present space of time, and not to the genuine past.”-- William James (1890) MEASURING THE DURATION OF SHORT-TERM MEMORY (Peterson & Peterson, 1959) Task: rcall a 3-consonant trigram after a brief interval of distraction (so, the ‘distractor” task) XVK 294 “291, 288, uh, 285, 282..” ? “x,v,..g?” retention interval 3 to 18 seconds . . . . . . . . . . 0 0 . 1 0 . 2 0 . 3 0 . 4 0 . 5 0 . 6 Recall Proba 3 6 9 1 2 1 5 1 8 R e c a l l D e l a y ( s e c MEMORY STRUCTURES AND PROCESSES IN THE “MODAL MODEL” (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968) SENSORY REGISTERS...
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course EXP 3604 taught by Professor Fasig during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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CP_stm_post - THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF SHORT-TERM MEMORY...

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