Ch15Theseus

Ch15Theseus - Classics 10: Chapter 15: Fall 2011 Theseus...

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Classics 10: Chapter 15: Fall 2011 Theseus and the Myths of Athens I. The Earliest Athenian Kings II. Theseus: Birth and Labors III. Amazons and Centaurs IV. Theseus and the Glory of Athens Nicolas Poussin, 1634, Theseus Finding His Fathers’ Arms SECOND EXAM ON FRIDAY
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Second Exam: FRIDAY 70 Multiple Choice Questions in 50 minutes (33% of final grade) Bring UCD 2000 Scantron Form and #2 pencil; arrive early if possible 3 different versions of exam; each distributed to every third seat Any suspected cheating will be submitted to Student Judicial Affairs for arbitration
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Second Exam: FRIDAY Chapters 9-15 ONLY (not cumulative) Even coverage: 6-8 questions per chapter, most from lecture A few questions on exam specifically from book (i.e., from Key Names and Terms) Know Key Names, flow of each story as presented in lecture Read questions carefully, since I will write them carefully
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Theseus and Myths of Athens Theseus a minor figure in 7th Century BCE But as Athens rises, Theseus’ importance rises with it (700-500 BCE) Early Athenian myths confused, without clear chronology or lineage Cf. Perseus and Mycenae (Bronze Age power) The myths of Theseus show how myth became political by Classical Period
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The Earliest Athenian Kings Three different versions of the origins of the Athenians: Descended from Athena (but she’s a virgin!) Autochthonous (“sprung from the earth,” without any human ancestor at all!) Descended from Cecrops Golden grasshoppers worn by some officials Half man, half snake (himself autochthonous?) Great founding ancestor, who brought laws, civilization, monogamy, proper worship of the gods Athena and Poseidon vie for city
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Cecrops, 440 BCE
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Erichthonius Successor to Cecrops was Erichthonius, who brings together all three options Erichthonius: “The man of wool and earth” Hephaestus tried to rape Athena on the Acropolis He ejaculates on her leg, she wipes it off in disgust with a piece of wool, drops the wool on the ground Up springs Erichthonius, whom Athena raises Hence he is autochthonous and yet has Athena for a mother; succeeds Cecrops Later builds a shrine to his mother Athena on the Acropolis of Athens; Persians destroy it Later rebuilt as the Parthenon (the Temple of Athena Parthenos – “the Virgin”)
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Arrhephoroi The daughters of Cecrops (Aglaurus, Herse, and Pandrosus) were given the infant Erechthonius in a basket. They were to watch him but not to open the basket (foktale motif). Aglaurus and Herse do, and go mad, jump off Acropolis, die. Athena now raises Erechthonius and he beomes king of Athens
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Arrhephoroi This is the story behind a yearly ritual in Athens 2 young girls were chosen to spend an entire year on the acropolis They weave a new robe for Athena They would carry baskets down a staircase on acropolis, then bring others up Ritual and myth built on motif maiden’s sacrifice,
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2011 for the course CLA 10 taught by Professor Traill during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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Ch15Theseus - Classics 10: Chapter 15: Fall 2011 Theseus...

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