Ch17Thebes

Ch17Thebes - Classics 10: Chapter 17: Fall 2011 Oedipus and...

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Classics 10: Chapter 17: Fall 2011 Oedipus and the Myths of Thebes I. The Founding of Thebes II. Oedipus and Sophocles III. The Seven Against Thebes IV. Antigonê: A Study in Contrasts Sophocles
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Getting Your Exam Back If you want your exam back, email Nathan ( nwhill@ucdavis.edu ) and ask him to bring your exam to lecture Same procedure as after first midterm The Final Exam will have the same format; it will cover ONLY the chapters/lectures after the second midterm Mean/Average = 60.84 = 87% Median = 62.18 = 89% (last test 82%)
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The Myths of Thebes Whole web of stories, interacting over generations; our knowledge incomplete Perhaps a lost Greek epic poem about Thebes; on the scale of Homeric poems, perhaps even by Homer? 2nd most important city in myth (Troy is first) Repeated destruction of family members From personal faults? “Pride” is too easy! Fate and the gods? Nature of heroic myth?
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I. The Founding of Thebes Two complete but separate foundation stories, later joined somewhat artificially First: Cadmus fights the dragon Second: the divine twins Amphion and Zethus Both stories reflected in the city’s naming Main city called Thebes for Zethus’ wife Thebê, while the acropolis (the heights) called the Cadmeia for Cadmus
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Cadmus and the Site of Thebes Cadmus, son of Agenor and sister of Europa, is sent by his father to find her Zeus as a bull had abducted Europa to Crete Ultimately goes to the oracle for help Goes to Delphi, who tells him to give up the search and found a city instead “Follow the cow with the special mark and found your city where she rests” City = Thebes; region = Boeotia: “Cowland”
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Boeotia: on major North-South route
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Cadmus and the Dragon Yet a huge serpent-dragon lives at a nearby spring, kills some of Cadmus’ men Cadmus himself then pins the dragon to a tree after a great fight Upon Athena’s suggestion, he then knocks out the dragon’s teeth and plants them Armed men grow from the spot, immediately start fighting each other Only five remain at the end, the Sparti, who become the heads of the five great families Sparti = “sown men”; no relation to Sparta
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Cadmus and Harmonia Cadmus marries Harmonia (an illegitimate daughter of Ares and Aphrodite) Wondrous wedding, which the gods attend Their children often go to mythical ruin Semelê mothers Dionysus, blasted by Zeus Ino madly kills her children because of Hera’s anger over her caretaking of Dionysus Agavê rips apart son Pentheus as a Maenad Grandson Actaeon ripped apart by his dogs But even so Thebes becomes a great city in Greek mythology
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Second Foundation Story: Amphion and Zethus Otherwise unknown son of Cadmus, Polydorus, marries Nycteïs Her sister Antiopê seduced by Zeus, has twin sons Amphion and Zethus Twins are abandoned but raised by a shepherd, Antiopê mistreated because of her adultery, but
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2011 for the course CLA 10 taught by Professor Traill during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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Ch17Thebes - Classics 10: Chapter 17: Fall 2011 Oedipus and...

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