Ch18Jason

Ch18Jason - Classics 10: Chapter 18: Fall 2011 Jason and...

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Classics 10: Chapter 18: Fall 2011 Jason and the Myths of Iolcus [Thebes: Oedipus, Antigonê and Sophocles] I. Origin of the Golden Fleece II. Jason and the Argonauts III. Jason and Medea Get the Fleece
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Antigonê: Revenge of the Parthenos ? Politically, Antigonê is the conservative and Creon is the progressive Advantage goes to?: likely Creon Philosophically, Creon advocates customary law ( nomos ) and Antigonê natural law ( physis ) Advantage goes to?: likely Antigonê Gender-wise, Antigonê is the untamed parthenos which no civic power can stop Advantage goes to?: very likely Creon Sophocles the progressive man who yet believes in natural law? His hero = a flexible Creon?
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Sophocles and Thebes Our most influential evidence for Theban myth: Sophocles, obsessed with power of the divine Sophocles made Oedipus and Antigonê famous for us; Greeks found the Seven Against Thebes the highlight Sophocles explores limits of human greatness by contrasting human weakness with divine power His heroes: strong characters who become isolated Perhaps Oedipus’ family is cursed, but Sophocles does not mention it Sophocles denounces pride but praises strength
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Chapter Eighteen Jason and the Myths of Iolcus
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Greece, Aegean, and Asia Minor
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Iolcus
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Jason and the Argonauts Group of heroic characters assemble to obtain great treasure (the Golden Fleece) Like an action movie with big and famous cast Set in the generation before the Trojan War Story already said to be famous by Homer Yet our best account an epic poem called the Argonautica , written around 250 BCE (at least 500 years after Homer) by Apollonius of Rhodes Librarian of Alexandria, learned in literature An epic meant for reading (not listening) More of an emotional soap opera than Homer
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Jason and Medea Medea becomes Jason’s companion during the quest for the Golden Fleece After they return to Greece together, they have adventures in Jason’s hometown of Iolcus and then in Corinth Euripides’ Medea (431 BCE) is THE great account of the events in Corinth Medea ends up in Athens, Theseus forces her out (go back to pages 402-3 in Powell) Next lecture will cover these adventures
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Origin of the Golden Fleece Athamas, King of Orchomenus in Boeotia, had two children by his first wife Nephelê Boy Phrixus and girl Hellê Athamas then dumps Nephelê and marries Ino, who plots to kill Phrixus so that her son might inherit the throne Famine in Orchomenus Athamas sends messengers to Delphi Io bribes messengers to say that Athamas must sacrifice Phrixus to stop famine
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Athamas, Phrixus, Helle, 350-40 BCE
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Phrixus on Golden Ram, 450- 400 BCE
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Ch18Jason - Classics 10: Chapter 18: Fall 2011 Jason and...

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