Ch19AchillesPart2

Ch19AchillesPart2 - Classics 10: Chapter 19 Part 2: Fall...

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Classics 10: Chapter 19 Part 2: Fall 2011 Homer and Achilles [origin of wrath] I. The Iliad of Homer and the Choices of Mortals II. The Wrath of Achilles III. Troy After Achilles Homer?
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The Origin of Achilles’ Wrath The Iliad begins with Chryses, a priest of Apollo, coming to the Greek camp and asking for his daughter Chryseïs back She had been captured in a village raid around Troy, was Agamemnon’s prize after the victory Homeric warriors take their status from the prizes they receive for their fighting Agamemnon rudely refuses to give up his prize Chryses calls upon Apollo to help him, and plague comes to the Greeks Apollo as “he who shoots from afar”
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The Origin of Achilles’ Wrath Calchas the seer reveals that Chryseïs must be given back to end the plague At a public assembly of the soldiers, Achilles challenges Agamemnon to give her back Agamemnon does but then takes Achilles’ war- prize girl, named Briseïs Achilles feels so dishonored that he withdraws from the fighting and wants the Greeks to start losing so that Agamemnon can see how much he needs Achilles Read from Book 1 (525 in your texts) [p.82]
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Thetis Comforts Her Son Achilles thus brings harm to his own, as heroes in Greek myth often do His mother Thetis senses his anguish and comes to comfort him Thetis then goes to Zeus to ask him to have the Trojans win for a while Hera gets upset when she sees Thetis with Zeus, but Hephaestus calms her down by limping around and offering the gods drinks Uncontrollable laughter and a good night’s sleep
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The Iliad : Main Theme The main theme of the Iliad is exploring the difference between gods and men Compare the beginning and end of Book 1 Men fight and die, but gods feast and laugh gods can’t be tragic or heroic Iliad : what does it mean to be mortal? Homer: the acceptance of one’s mortality and the responsibility for the lives of others Mortals have to make choices, and mortals live or die as a result of these choices Which choices are worth risking death and which are not?
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The Quarrel Between Agamemnon and Achilles The issue is much greater than who has a war prize or not Agamemnon feels that since he is the leader of the expedition, he should have the best prize Achilles feels that since he is the best fighter and works the hardest, he should have the best prize Traditional authority vs. individual brilliance How can an amazing individual work within an established cultural system?
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Achilles Agamemnon is leader because he has brought the greatest number of men to Troy Achilles is most valued because he is the most capable in war Each believes that he has a right to the title, “Best of the Achaeans” But openly challenging (Achilles) well established authority (Agamemnon) very rarely brings radical change Achilles (remember that he did not take Tyndareus’ oath, since he was not one of Hellen’s
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2011 for the course CLA 10 taught by Professor Traill during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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Ch19AchillesPart2 - Classics 10: Chapter 19 Part 2: Fall...

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