Ch20FallTroy

Ch20FallTroy - Classics 10 Chapter 20 Fall 2011 The Fall of...

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Classics 10: Chapter 20: Fall 2011 The Fall of Troy and Its Aftermath [Death of Hector] I. Troy After Achilles II. The Trojan Horse III. The Fall of Troy IV. The Return of Agamemnon The Death of Laocoön, ca. 100 BCE
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The Death of Hector Hector fights to defend his home, while Achilles fights in a rage for having let Patroclus die At first Hector runs [3x round Troy], but then stands his ground [Athena tricks him, but gives him glory] Achilles stabs him with his spear, Hector asks for burial and vows that Achilles will die soon Achilles responds: [Read p.553] Then he ties Hector’s body to the back of his chariot and drags him in the dust His wife on the walls of Troy watches in despair, and faints [her veil falls off]
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Duel between Achilles and Hector, c. 480 BCE
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The Body of Hector Achilles buries Patroclus, but refuses burial for Hector The gods are offended, Hermes leads Priam to Achilles to ask for the return of the body of his son [Book 24] Priam surprises Achilles in his tent, appeals to Achilles to think of what his own father will feel when Achilles dies Priam: “I have done what no other man has done: kissed the hands of the man who killed my child” Achilles thinks of his father, and of Patroclus, and he relents; he offers a meal to Priam They eat and talk while Hector’s body is being prepared, they sit and admire each other and their bravery Read [604-5]
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Achilles drags Hector, c. 520 BCE
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Ransom of Hector, c. 510 BCE
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Ransom of Hector, c. 510 BCE
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The Wisdom of Achilles Achilles explains to Priam that Zeus has two big urns outside his door One of blessings, one of evils Sometimes he gives you things from both urns, sometimes just evils All lives include evil and suffering, death comes to all Mankind must live on despite the suffering Achilles actually consoles Priam, and here, for the first time, appears to partake of food with intention and interest [tells him the story of Niobe]
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The Burial of Hector Our humanity is defined by how we choose to face the suffering we inevitably endure Hector’s body is returned under truce and he is given honorable burial The last line of the poem: Such was the burial of horse- taming Hector The poem concludes, then, with Hector, the man that defended his city, but whose love of glory led to his own death he is heroic in a way that Achilles is not he is more human, less aware of the future and more prone to hope: yet he fights on Achilles’ wrath has finally been released, and so here the Iliad comes to its end: he has accepted his humanity
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Troy After Achilles The Trojan War resumes in full force after the death of Hector, in its tenth (and final) year The Amazons arrive to help the Trojans, led by their queen Penthesilea As Achilles kills her, their eyes meet … Achilles soon after killed by an arrow from Paris in his heel (Achilles’ heel = symbol of weak spot) How exactly this arrow was fatal is not clear, but Paris
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2011 for the course CLA 10 taught by Professor Traill during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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Ch20FallTroy - Classics 10 Chapter 20 Fall 2011 The Fall of...

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