GEK2022 LECTURE SLIDES - SAMURAI 1- Complex Beginnings and Warrior Myths 09-10

GEK2022 LECTURE SLIDES - SAMURAI 1- Complex Beginnings and Warrior Myths 09-10

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(1) Complex Beginnings and Warrior Myths: The Emergence and Rise of the Samurai AIMS : 1. Understand how Japan made the transition from a clan-based society to an emperor-based system. 2. Understand the impact of this shift on society especially with respect to the warrior class 3. Understand the general organization of the warrior class in the 7 th century 4. Know why the capital was relocated to Kyoto 5. Understand how aristocratic rule undermined aristocratic control in the long run 6. Understand the connection between changing patterns of land ownership and the rise of the samurai class 7. Understand how the powerful military houses emerged 8. Understand the symbolic importance of figures such as Yamato Takeru and Minamoto no Yoshitsune The Critical Question : How does this early history complicate or otherwise render problematic the “samurai” image we have today? (1) The Earliest Warriors (A) The Yayoi Period 弥生時代 (300bc-250) Wet rice agriculture Bronze and Iron Fortified communities Implications of YAYOI: Wet Rice Agriculture Imported: Agricultural excess Population Growth Social / Political Stratification (warriors?) Distinct and DEFENDED Communities ( 吉野ヶ里 ) Connections to Asian Mainland (B) The Yamato Period 300 – 710 Clan system (UJI ) from around 4 th century AD Developments 4 th -8 th : (1) Concentration of power (2) Migration from mainland Organization of Uji Chieftain Professional class groups (BE) [some military men] Imperial family: From most powerful clan to imperial family with authority over all other clans
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The Imperial system: NOBLES ( Kobetsu tribes) “BE”: Mononobe, Otomo Kofun ( 古墳 ) – Keyhole Tombs Haniwa ( 埴輪 ) – terracotta figurines Live burial replacement? Erosion prevention? Insights into architecture, material culture, transportation Insights into Yamato period society and social stratification (hajibe 土師部 , warriors) Reforms and Law Codes: The Taika Reform (645) Taiho Code (702): Imperial authority Bureaucratic system Local reforms (66 provinces, 592 counties, townships) Establishment of a capital in Nara Establishment of national military (C) Early Warriors and Military Organization Military Organization: Two Basic Principles: 1. Central Control and Administration Permission for mobilization of soldiers Ministry of Military Affairs Role of provincial governors Control from center, information from peripheries 2. Universal Conscription Males 20 to 59 Exceptions Usual age of service:
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GEK2022 LECTURE SLIDES - SAMURAI 1- Complex Beginnings and Warrior Myths 09-10

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