GEK2022 LECTURE SLIDES - SAMURAI 2 - Samurai Political-Social Order

GEK2022 LECTURE SLIDES - SAMURAI 2 - Samurai Political-Social Order

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Unformatted text preview: (2) The Samurai Political and Social Order: Samurai Rule and Disintegration Major Theme/Objectives: 1. Understand the Bakufu (Shogunate) as the first manifestation of Samurai political rule (samurai as institution builders and administrators ) 2. Understand the roles of the SHUGO and JITO 3. Know why and how the H ō j ō family became important in the Shogunate 4. Have a general idea about the daily lives of samurai men and women during this first period of samurai rule 5. Understand the impact of the Mongol invasions in destabilizing the Kamakura polity 6. Know how Ashikaga Bakufu operated: what were its weaknesses? 7. Understand the role of the Shugo under Ashikaga rule 8. Know what a Sengoku Daimyō was and how his domain operated 9. Be familiar with some of the cultural and artistic achievements of the samurai class during this period (A) The First Bakufu: Kamakura (1185-1333) (1) Organization of the Bakufu- TITLES: 1. SHOGUN 2. S ō tsuibushi (general constable) 3. S ō jito - INSTITUTIONS: 1. Samurai-dokoro: GOKENIN, SHUGO, JITO 2. Monch ū jo (Judiciary) 3. Man-dokoro (2) Controlling the Land 1) Maintenance of the Taih ō state system. 2) SHUGO. • Soldiers • Policing • Conspiracies and Rebellion • POINT: Shugo as powerholders 3) JITO (3) Summary of the Shugo and Jito Place of Origin Status Place of Assignment Duties Income Shugo 守護 Powerful samurai from the east Housemen ( 御家人 ) One in each province • Keep the peace • Capture criminals • Stop potential rebellions No income as Shugo, but many also act as Jito Jito 地頭 Shoen managers, trusted administrators Housemen ( 御家人 ) One in all shoen (including imperial shoen) • collect tax • administer shoen • policing Receipt of portion of tax collected (4) Rise of the Hōjō Family- J ō kyu Incident ( 承久の乱 ) 1221 - Hōjō Masako - J ō ei Code (1232) ( 貞永式目 ) (5) Life in a Warrior House- Life in a Yakata ( 館 ) (6)Buddhism and the Samurai • Buddhism in Japan 4 Phases: (A) Esoteric / Aristocratic Buddhism (B) Pure Land (“Reform”) Buddhism (C) “Nationalistic” Buddhism (see text) (D) Zen Buddhism (D) Zen Buddhism ( 禅宗 ) (Early 13th) 1. Self Reliance (Jiriki 自力 ) 2. Nothingness (Mu 無 ) 3. Seated meditation (Zazen 座禅 ) 4. Zen Riddles (Koan 公案 ) Eisai ( 栄西 1141-1215) Rinzai Zen 臨済 Dō gen ( 道元 1200-1253) Soto Zen ( 曹洞 ) (7) The Mongol Invasions (B) Samurai at War: (1) The Rise of Emperor Godaigo ( 後醍醐天皇 ) 1. Gets rid of the In-sei system (cloistered emperors) 2. Plots against the H ō j ō family. Dreams of IMPERIAL RULE 3. 1324 and 1331 Godaigo vrs. Hōjō 4. 1333: Makes a comeback with the help of Ashikaga Takauji...
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2011 for the course EEE 1001 taught by Professor Phoon during the Spring '11 term at National University of Singapore.

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GEK2022 LECTURE SLIDES - SAMURAI 2 - Samurai Political-Social Order

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