MOS 5301 Unit 5 course project.docx - UNIT V COURSE PROJECT...

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UNIT V COURSE PROJECT1Unit V Course ProjectFrank J. Seay IIColumbia Southern University
UNIT V COURSE PROJECT2One of the most important facets of any fire suppression system is the sprinkler system ofthe structure.Even with the best water supply and fire pumps, without a properly designedsprinkler system to deliver the extinguishing agent, the system will still be inadequate and thestructure will suffer great damage or total destruction due to fire.Throughout history sprinkler systems have been installed in commercial buildings to helpprotect the building and its contents from damages caused by fire.The first manual sprinklersystem was installed in the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane in the United Kingdom in 1812.The firstautomatic sprinkler system was patented by Philip W. Pratt of Abington, Massachusetts in 1872.In 1874, Henry Parmalee, of Connecticut improved upon Pratts former design and installed hisnew sprinkler system in his piano factory.This sprinkler design was considered to be the firstpractical automatic sprinkler design (Bellis, 2019).Since the invention of the sprinkler, the design and the abilities of the systems have beenconstantly upgraded and improved upon.The National Fire Protection Agency or NFPA, wrotethe first standard, NFPA 13, that outlined the design, installation, testing and required inspectionof sprinkler systems in 1896 (Brakhage, Abram and Fortney, 2016).Since 1896, NFPA 13 is stillthe current standard for sprinkler systems.Ever since the invention and installation of sprinkler systems, they have had great successin protecting the buildings and contents of the building during fires.With the technology oftoday, automatic sprinkler systems are unsurpassed in fire protection.According to NFPA,sprinkler systems were 96% effective when operated (Brakhage et al., 2016).With the improved effectiveness of automatic sprinkler systems in businesses, residentialsprinkler systems are now being installed in many single and multi-family dwellings. In manylocalities, these systems are now required for any multi-family dwellings but optional for any
UNIT V COURSE PROJECT3single family dwelling.Because of their popularity and use, the NFPA created NFPA 13D whichis the standard for residential sprinkler systems.This standard outlines the installation,inspection and design requirements for residential sprinklers (NFPA, 2019).Automatic sprinkler systems have such a high success rate when they are adequatelydesigned and have and adequate water supply to adequately supply the system.If the system isnot properly designed for the occupancy and there isn’t adequate extinguishing agent for thesystem, then the system will fail.This will lead to severe damage to the building and buildingcontents during a fire.The fire at the City of Washington Distribution Warehouse is a goodexample of what can happen if the system is not adequate for the building.
UNIT V COURSE PROJECT4Section 1Existing Water Supply System

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Active fire protection, Fire sprinkler, Fire sprinkler system, NFPA, National Fire Protection Agency, important facets of any fire suppression system

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