The relationship between Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Major Depression
has been an age-old topic of interest in psychology.
Although some of the core
symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Major Depression are the same, they are
in fact two separate disorders with their own unique features.
With the presentation of
two case studies, one with G.A.D., and one with Major Depression, the relationship and
similarities between the disorders will become eminent.
Case 1- M
The patient, nicknamed M, was a 32-year old, severely depressed, married
woman, with no children.
She had completed three years of college and worked a very
challenging job as an accountant.
After her first session and evaluation, the therapist
concluded that M was suffering from extremely high anxiety and was currently in a major
depressive episode with a low functioning level.
For one week, M received individual
and group psychotherapy along with medical care.
Having benefited from the latter, she
began to attend her therapist’s outpatient group therapy as well.
With these techniques,
the therapist slowly began to uncover M’s unresolved issues, major life disappointments,
psychological issues, suppressed emotions, unrealistic expectations, and negative thought
Over time, with a supportive environment and an inviting relationship with the
therapist, the reasons for M’s behavior were discovered.
Her problems seemed to root
from a few different areas in her life: her marriage, her family, and her childhood (Abi-
M had experienced many different losses throughout her life.
She never grieved
any of these losses and instead constantly avoided her unwanted feelings and pain.
emotions kept building and building, creating an intense internal pressure for M.