Ultimate Sanction

Ultimate Sanction - Bartley 1 Diana Bartley Philosophy...

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Bartley 1 Diana Bartley Philosophy Professor Turner 25 September 2006 By definition a sanction is as follows: a provision of a law enacting a penalty for disobedience or a reward for obedience. In a society where law is set one can either choose to abide by, or disobey these rules. Philosopher John Stuart Mill preaches his thoughts on morality, and how sanctions produce the foundations of Utilitarianism. Sanctions motivate people to do the right thing. His philosophy advocates the idea that internal sanctions are the ultimate sanction. In other words he believes that the human conscience dictates behavior. Contrasting Mill is the philosophy of Hobbes. The two do in fact have a similar end result in that they both want the good for a society of a whole, but differ in that Hobbes believes in a sovereign power, while Mill believes in an individualized moral power. I firmly believe that the conscience of mankind is what shapes ones actions, but I also believe that a sovereign power is needed to restrain the freedoms of all. According to Mill sanctions are punishments imposed on those who deny the utilitarian way. Like any law the punishments that the sanctions inflict on a person can be drawn internally or externally. External sanctions are “punishments” that leave the person in fear of displeasing or in hope of gratifying. External sanctions can be evoked by peer
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor Na during the Spring '08 term at Bucknell.

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Ultimate Sanction - Bartley 1 Diana Bartley Philosophy...

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