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outline 5+6 - Tejas Patel I Carbon Chemistry A Organic...

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Tejas Patel 9/28/11 I. Carbon Chemistry A. Organic Molecules – carbon is bounded to another carbon or a hydrogen B. Carbon Bonds – strong bond; able to form chains; allow branches to form; rings can be produced II. Hydrocarbon A. composed only of carbon and hydrogen; non-polar & uncharged → hydrophobic – inducible w/ water B. Functional Groups: hydroxyl group (R-OH); carbonyl group (R-CHO); carboxyl group (R-COOH); amino group (R-NH 2 ); phosphate group (R-PO 4 H 2 ); sulfhydryl group (R-SH); methyl group (R-CH 3 ) III. Macromolecules A. 4 classes: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids B. monomers – individual building blocks; polymer – macromolecule linking monomers i. condensation – process of connecting monomers; hydrolysis – process of seperating polymers IV. Carbohydrates A. monosaccharides (single sugars); dissacharides (two sugars); polysaccharides (100s – 1000s of sugars) V. Lipids A. hydrophobic → don't dissolve in polar solvents B. most abundant source of fats; energy storage: 1 gram of fat = 9 calories of energy C.
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